Hoosiers start season with 51-point rout Friday

first_imgHoosiers roll to first win Friday. (Image: Indiana University)BLOOMINGTON, Ind. – Indiana Hoosier basketball officially got underway Friday night with the anticipated win over Mississippi Valley State.IU freshman James Blackmon led all scorers with 25 points in his college debut. Junior Nick Hoetzel and freshman Max Hoetzel chipped in with 16 points each.The Hoosiers go to 1-0 in the 116-65 rout against the Delta Devils.Former IU coach Mike Davis will lead Texas Southern into Assembly Hall Monday night.Listen to Hoosier basketball on Country 103.9 WRBI.last_img read more

Leeds hope to sign La Liga ace in January but face competition

first_imgLeeds United are facing competition as they bid to sign Ibai Gomez in January.Gomez, the winger, was linked with Leeds last week, as Goal claimed Marcelo Bielsa wants to reunite with a player he coach at Athletic Club of Bilbao. REVEALED LIVING THE DREAM Chelsea confident of beating Man United and Liverpool to Sancho signing The biggest market value losers in 2019, including Bale and ex-Liverpool star Gomez, 28, left Athletic Club for Alaves two summers ago following their promotion to La Liga, and he’s helped them establish themselves as top flight mainstays since then.Goal reported that Leeds made moves to sign Gomez prior to the start of the ongoing season, but saw their offers knocked back, but Bielsa is confident a deal can be agreed for the winger in January with Gomez’s contract expiring at the end of the campaign. Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland Liverpool’s signings under Michael Edwards – will Minamino be the next big hit? Cavani ‘agrees’ to join new club and will complete free transfer next summer targets moving on targets Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade RANKED Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January Gomez worked under Marcelo Bielsa while at Athletic Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti Latest transfer news Kevin De Bruyne ‘loves Man City and wants to keep winning’, reveals father 2 Gomez is a key player for high-flying Alaves 2 IN DEMAND three-way race TOP WORK However, the Elland Road club are not alone in tracking Gomez, with three of Alaves’ La Liga rivals also keen on securing his services.According to El Gol Digital, Eibar and Real Valladolid have joined Leeds in the race to sign Gomez, along with his former club Athletic Club.Gomez has netted three times and created a further strike in 10 appearances this season, taking his goal tally for Alaves to 17 in 83 matches. LATEST His form in 2018/19 has helped Alaves fly to the upper reaches of the La Liga table, with only Barcelona sitting above the Mendizorrotza club in second place.He predominately features on the right flank, but can also play on the left of the front three. Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ last_img read more

Half-time: QPR 0 Hull City 0

first_imgSebastian Polter had a decent chance and Alejandro Faurlin almost scored for QPR in a first half low on quality.After Hull’s Jake Livermore had given the ball away, striker Polter hesitated and his shot was blocked by Harry Maguire.Polter was given a starting place by boss Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink along with Tjaronn Chery, who sent an early effort over the bar.Faurlin had a firm strike tipped over by Tigers keeper Allan McGregor, and at the other end Mohamed Diame and Ahmed Elmohamady steered shots wide of the target.Rangers, still without top scorer Charlie Austin and still without a win under Hasselbaink, went close to taking the lead three minutes before half-time.Chery’s left-wing corner was not dealt with by Hull, but Faurlin, standing inside the six-yard box, was unable to react quickly enough and the ball bounced off the midfielder’s shin and over the bar.QPR: Green; Onuoha, Hall, Angella, Konchesky; Henry, Faurlin; Phillips, Chery, Hoilett; Polter.Subs: Smithies, Luongo, Diakite, Petrasso, Mackie, Tozser, Fer.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

Hummingbird Metabolism a “Marvel of Evolutionary Engineering”

first_imgUnlike humans, hummingbirds are equally good at extracting energy from fructose as from glucose.  They are marvels of evolutionary engineering.  That makes perfect evolutionary sense.It’s uncanny how some reporters credit Darwin with engineering designs so good, we can’t duplicate them, let alone understand them.  Consider a press release from the University of Toronto about hummingbirds.  First, the marvels of engineering:Hummingbird metabolism is a marvel of evolutionary engineering. These tiny birds can power all of their energetic hovering flight by burning the sugar contained in the floral nectar of their diet.…they are equally adept at burning both glucose and fructose, which are the individual components of sugar; a unique trait other vertebrates cannot achieve.“Hummingbirds have an optimal fuel-use strategy that powers their high-energy lifestyle, maximizes fat storage, and minimizes unnecessary weight gain all at the same time.““What’s very surprising is that unlike mammals such as humans, who can’t rely on fructose to power much of their exercise metabolism, hummingbirds use it very well.“Hummingbirds require an incredible amount of energy to flap their wings 50 times or more per second in order to maintain hovering flight. In fact, if a hummingbird were the size of a human, it would consume energy at a rate more than 10 times that of an Olympic marathon runner. They are able to accomplish this by burning only the most recently ingested sugar in their muscles while avoiding the energetic tax of first converting sugar into fat.Hummingbirds are able to move sugar from their blood to their muscles at very fast rates, but we don’t yet fully understand how they are able to do this.…if a hummingbird were the size of an average person they would use sugar fast enough that they would need to drink more than one can of soda every minute eventhough it’s mostly made of high-fructose corn syrup.Now, how the credit is given to evolution:Hummingbird metabolism is a marvel of evolutionary engineering.From an evolutionary perspective the findings make perfect sense, says [Ken] Welch. Whereas humans evolved over time on a complex diet, hummingbirds evolved on a diet rich in sugar.It seems premature to attribute this high-efficiency, optimal design to unguided process of nature when scientists still don’t understand how the hummingbirds do it.  Saying it evolved doesn’t make it so.There it is again: that silly oxymoron, “evolutionary sense.”  If it evolved, it makes no sense, because sense makes no sense in Darwin’s universe.  Making sense requires a moral judgment from outside a system.  A system may work, but it cannot make sense apart from a mind.Then there is a second silly oxymoron, “evolutionary engineering.”  If it’s engineering, it’s not evolutionary, and if it’s evolutionary, it’s not engineering.  Engineering requires a mind, a plan, and the ability to organize parts for a whole.  Could an aimless, designless operation of chance bring together all the marvels in the first (engineering) list?Silly Darwinists treat evolution like a magic wand that can do anything.  More appropriately for this article, evolution is like high fructose corn syrup that, instead of providing energy for scientific progress, turns to fat in the brains of scientists hooked on Darwin-brand Yoda Soda.  Let’s enjoy hummingbirds for the engineering marvels they are without dragging Darwin into it.  To clear your head, go watch Flight: The Genius of Birds. (Visited 197 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Stop Blaming the Customers – the Fault is on Amazon Web Services

first_imgAlmost as galling as the Amazon Web Services outage itself is a the litany of blog posts, such as this one and this one, that place the blame not on AWS for having a long failure and not communicating with its customers about it, but on AWS customers for not being better prepared for an outage. It’s a tendency that displays a “blame the customer” mentality I’ve been seeing a lot lately. To understand why it’s wrong one has to understand what actually happened and what claims AWS made about it services.We covered the differences between availability zones and availability regions, and AWS’ lack of communication, in our previous coverage. Now that the dust has settled, it’s worth looking back at what happened. This timeline by Eric Kidd explains the series of events, and the various options different customers had. RightScale provides another good summary. What can we learn?What Amazon ClaimsHere’s what AWS claims about Availability Zones:Each availability zone runs on its own physically distinct, independent infrastructure, and is engineered to be highly reliable. Common points of failures like generators and cooling equipment are not shared across Availability Zones. Additionally, they are physically separate, such that even extremely uncommon disasters such as fires, tornados or flooding would only affect a single Availability Zone.In other words, AWS claimed that by putting your data in different availability zones, within one region, was redundant. As far as AWS’ customers were concerned, they didn’t have a single point of failure.Amazon Relational Database Service customers have the option of paying double the regular cost of the service for a multi-zone service: “When you run your DB Instance as a Multi-AZ deployment for enhanced data durability and availability, Amazon RDS provisions and maintains a standby in a different Availability Zone for automatic failover in the event of a scheduled or unplanned outage.”What Happened vs. What Was Supposed to HappenThe mass outage was due to Elastic Block Storage (EBS) service problems in a single Availability Zone. EBS instances can only live in one Availability Zone, but users should have been able to use their snapshots to create a new EBS instance in another availability zone. RDS depends on EBS, but RDS customers paying for multi-zone service should have had their databases failed-over to another zone automatically.However, the “control plane” for creating new EBS instances suffered congestion, preventing any ability to failover either manually or automatically. The current assumption is that it was overloaded by customers who’s initial EBS instance failed. Kidd calls this a “bank run.”The important thing here is that there actually was, unbeknownst to AWS customers, a single point of failure across zones: the control plane. This made AWS unable to fulfill its own failover promises. In fact, RDS customers ended up in worse shape than many others – it took over 14 hours to get many of their databases moved over, longer than those that were able to failover manually.Multi-Region Multi-Vendor DeploymentsSo why not place applications in multiple regions, just to be safe? It’s not that simple. First, AWS charges more for transfers between regions. But more importantly, it’s technologically more complex. Amazon Machine Instances (AMIs) can’t just been moved from one region to another. Justin Santa Barbara writes “The different regions have different features available, different AMI ids, I think reserved instances can’t be moved between datacenters – in reality failover between regions is not realistic.”Barbara writes that it may actually be easier to failover to an entirely separate cloud than to use regions as failover. I’m not sure that’s the case, but regional failover is certainly complicated. And based on the claims made about Availability Zones, would have seemed unnecessary before last week. After all, if each data center in the availability region is a discrete entity insulated from the failures of each other data center, then why would it be necessary add yet another data center in another region? Especially if doing so adds great expense?Chris M Evans recommends using multiple cloud providers. To his credit, he recommended this even before the AWS outage (one of the things that bothers me about the blame the customer crowd is that their wisdom about what customers should have done comes entirely after the fact). Again, however, this adds additional complexity – and with that additional complexity, additional costs and additional risks. To many customers it seemed natural to just live with having multiple Availability Zones instead of multiple providers.Even BigDoor CEO Keith Smith, concluded his widely cited piece on Amazon’s failure to communicate with customers by writing:We can spend cycles designing and building technical belts and suspenders that will help us avoid a massive failure like this in the future, or we can continue to rely on a single huge partner and also continue our break-neck pace of iteration and product development.I can’t tell you today which option we will choose. But I’m sure it will be the question on the mind of many startups across the country.George Reese of enStratus wrote for O’Reilly Media: “In short, if your systems failed in the Amazon cloud this week, it wasn’t Amazon’s fault. You either deemed an outage of this nature an acceptable risk or you failed to design for Amazon’s cloud computing model.”That misses the point. Accepting a certain amount of downtime is one thing, accepting 14 hours of downtime when you’ve already paid extra for redundancy is another. Yes, customers accept a certain amount of risk, but that doesn’t make it their fault when Amazon screws up.Why Didn’t Some Sites, Like SmugMug and Twilio, Go Down?What about the companies that had the good fortune to avoid outages? Aren’t they evidence that it’s the customers’ fault for not setting things up right? Not really. Both Twilio and SmugMug boast about their “design for failure” but the important thing is that neither company relied on EBS. Had these companies been dependent on EBS, they likely would have suffered a similar fate.What About Netflix?What about Netflix? Netflix, as documented by Adrian Cockcroft, does use EBS.Kidd writes about Netflix:Run in 3 AZs, at no more than 60% capacity in each. This is the approach taken by Netflix, which sailed through this outage without no known downtime. If a single AZ fails, then the remaining two zones will be at 90% capacity. And because the extra capacity is running at all times, Netflix doesn’t need to launch new instances in the middle of a “bank run.”It’s not clear how much Netflix uses EBS, but Cockcroft gave a presentation saying Netflix avoids it. This tweet indicates that Netflix is more reliant on S3, SimpleDB and Apache Cassandra than on EBS, but Cockcroft did note that the company was having EBS trouble during the outage.It’s also worth noting that Cockcroft tweeted that Netflix only runs out of one region.It’s The Customers’ Fault Because They Shouldn’t Have Been Using EBS in the First PlaceI love this argument – that it’s customers’ fault for using EBS in the first place. Mashery co-founder Clay Loveless makes this case.AWS has been offering the EBS service since 2008. It’s not considered a “beta” product. Why shouldn’t customers be able to rely on it? True it’s had issues over the years, leading some companies to decide not to use it. But AWS has happily taken money from customers for years now. If it’s a product that isn’t ready for product, AWS should have said so. (Unfortunately for customers, the EBS outage won’t count towards their SLAs.)What the “they shouldn’t have used EBS” argument comes down to is: customers are stupid for trusting AWS to provide the service promised. It’s saying that customers that paid for multi-zone RDS replication should have expected 14+ hours of downtime. If AWS itself were to tell its customers “You should have known better than to trust our service,” we would be up in arms – wouldn’t we?I keep seeing similar arguments. “We shouldn’t blame Dropbox for lying about its encryption, we should blame customers for trusting Dropbox.” “We shouldn’t blame Apple for not giving users control over their location logs, we should blame customers for expecting privacy.” I’m sick of it.It might in fact be true that we can’t expect vendors to provide customers’ what they promise. But that is squarely on the shoulders of vendors, not the customers. And I’m sick of “savvy” pundits putting down customers and excusing failure and bad behavior on the part of companies.Yes, things happen. AWS is run by humans, and humans make mistakes. AWS deserves some forgiveness . But let’s not forget who messed up.How to Fix the ProblemIn the short term, I suspect many customers will move away from using EBS and RDS. In the medium term, infrastructure-as-a-service providers need to come up with a standard system for sharing instances across clouds, whether that’s OpenStack, Cloud Foundry, Eucalyptus or something else. Customers shouldn’t have to choose between trusting only one provider or committing to a complex and potentially unreliable multi-vendor solution. The days of vendor lock-in must come to end. Meanwhile, bloggers, analysts, journalists and other opinion-makers need to put the blame back where it belongs: on service providers that don’t live-up to their promises.(Lead image by Ian)Disclosure: Mashery is a ReadWriteWeb sponsor. Tags:#cloud#Cloud Providers 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hostingcenter_img Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… klint finley Related Posts last_img read more

Turning Objections to a Green Project Into an Opportunity

first_imgThe McMinnville Area Habitat for Humanity, in Oregon, had guided its proposed 35-unit affordable-housing development through a design process that strongly emphasizes energy conservation and makes efficient use of the subdivision’s 3.47 acres. The energy efficiency, affordability, and layout of the community have won praise from most people who have studied the project.Including those who oppose it.Designed by Matt Daby, of M.O. Daby Design, the subdivision required a zoning change because of its relatively high density, according to an article posted recently by the Daily Journal of Commerce, which serves the Portland area, including McMinnville, located not quite 50 miles to the southwest. The project was narrowly approved last year by the McMinnville City Council, but residents who live near the proposed project site worry that it is too dense and have since appealed the approval to Oregon’s Land Use Board of Appeals.A potential benefit to the delayDaby told the DJC that the design is intended to “take Passive House ideas, one of the strictest building standards, and push them to see if we can make affordable houses, built by volunteers, without turning to crazy materials to make it happen.”City Councilman Kevin Jeffries, who said he voted against the proposal because residents would be exposed to excessive noise from nearby highways and would have difficultly traveling to other parts of town because of the development’s density, nonetheless praised the design. “The design itself I thought was really beautiful, and for energy conservation, I thought they were really progressive,” Jeffries said.McMinnville Area Habitat’s executive director, Gretchen Phelps, does not share Jeffries’ concerns, said the proposed site is a “great location,” and seems willing to persevere. It also turns out that as the appeals process got underway, Habitat was already building a single-family home with an insulated slab foundation and 14-in.-thick walls designed to minimize the building’s energy needs. Its construction is serving as a teaching tool for Habitat, and it could well serve as a model for the 35-unit subdivision. “We’re aiming for the most energy-efficient homes we can get while balancing that with affordability,” Phelps told DJC.last_img read more

Is consumer interest in smartwatches on the decline?

first_imgInternet of Things Makes it Easier to Steal You… Small Business Cybersecurity Threats and How to… It looks like all the hype over smartwatches might be slowly dwindling.So far, no company seems to be able to figure out what to do next to advance the smart wearable watch world.Over two years ago, Android Wear was introduced, and the Moto 360 created a lot of buzz with its cool design and round LCD face.  Last year, Motorola produced the second generation Moto 360, but moving forward to this year, Motorola didn’t release any newer version, and has stated they have no plans to release a new Moto 360.See Also:  Will hybrid smartwatches prove a more tempting solution to customers?Shakil Barkat, Motorola’s head of global product development, explains, “We believe the wrist still has value,” but he doesn’t plan to produce a new Moto 360.  He goes on to state that Motorola is not closed down completely when it comes to building smartwatches, but it has not seen enough interest in them to warrant further investment. Having been one of the biggest fans of Android Wear, backing out of the smartwatch industry says a lot.Google’s Android Wear platform has also been stumbling lately, having postponed the Wear 2.0 software update for several months. It was originally supposed to be introduced in the fall of this year, but it has been pushed forward so that Google can fix some issues it noticed after bad feedback from its beta testers.Even Apple is at a lossAlong with all this, Apple, with its large following of loyal customers, has also been struggling with smartwatches. Sales have declined with the newest generation of Apple Watches, which took a long time to be produced in the first place, yet are almost identical to the first version.Google might be working on in-house watches to introduce alongside Wear 2.0 that might offer something new and different.  Perhaps this will rekindle interest and convince people that smartwatches are worthwhile.  We will have to wait and see. Amanda Razani Follow the Puckcenter_img Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Tags:#IIoT#Internet of Things#IoT#Moto360#Motorola#smartwatches Related Posts last_img read more

On tinted glass issue, Meghalaya MLA seeks action against police officer

first_imgRights groups in Meghalaya have slammed an MLA for misusing his power to take a traffic officer to task for asking him to remove tinted films from the glasses on his vehicle.On August 7, a team led by Deputy Superintendent of Police (Traffic) Walsall Momin stopped the vehicle of Kimfa Sidney Marbañiang, a Congress legislator representing the Rambrai-Jyrngam Assembly constituency, in Malki area of State capital Shillong for using tinted glasses without proper authority.VIPs are allowed to use tinted glasses if they possess exemption certification from the State Security Commission. The MLA did not have one but lodged a complaint with the Deputy Speaker of the 60-member State Assembly against Mr. Momin for “embarrassing a public representative”.Mr. Marbañiang also said every government official should know who the elected members of the Assemby are.Last week, the Assembly’s Committee of Privileges to be chaired by Nationalist Congress Party legislator Saleng A. Sangma summoned Mr. Momin on September 5.The traffic officer attributed his summoning to lack of knowledge about the procedures. “The recommendation for using tinted glass even for vehicles used by VIPs enjoying Z+ or Z-category security has to be given by the Security Commission. What can we do when we try to correct people and they feel offended?” Mr. Momin told The Hindu, adding “such things happen”.Agnes Kharshiing of the Civil Society Women’s Organisation stated that overbearing MLAs were setting a bad example for people. “The Assembly Privileges Committee cannot drag in an officer or any other government officer working within the law,” she noted.Officials said the MLA in question had 100% tinted glass on his vehicle. According to the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989, the visual transmission of light through the windscreen and rear window of every vehicle should not be less than 70% and that for the side windows not less than 50%.“Besides, the Supreme Court has categorically banned the use of tinted glass on vehicles and advised issuance of certificates only for official cars of VIPs and VVIPs depending upon the category of security such persons have been awarded by the competent authority,” said Angela Rangad of rights group Thma U Rangli-Juki.“Equality before law is paramount and should prevail at all times and for everyone. This culture of privilege and impunity needs to end,” she added.The Meghalaya police had a few weeks ago sought a written clarification from the government to know how many VIPs have been allowed to use tinted glass on their vehicles.last_img read more

Bundit stays as Ateneo coach

first_imgTai Bundit. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netAnusorn “Tai” Bundit is still the Ateneo women’s volleyball coach for now.Amid rumors of the Thai coach’s reported ouster, Ateneo president Fr. Jett Villarin, SJ admitted that there are concerns within the Lady Eagles, but those were not enough to merit the immediate ouster of the coach who turned the school’s volleyball program around.ADVERTISEMENT QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort Celtics snap losing streak to injury-hit Spurs John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. LATEST STORIES Read Next But Villarin requested fans to avoid any speculation as the school tries to clear up the matter.“I appeal to your patience and understanding as we try to resolve these internal issues. I also appeal to your better sense to refrain from any speculation or spreading of falsehood that may besmirch the reputation of our fine players, our good coach, and our school,” he said.Bundit led the Lady Eagles to four consecutive Finals appearances and he school’s first women’s volleyball titles in Seasons 76 and 77.ADVERTISEMENT Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 MOST READ Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC View comments Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA “I would like to inform everyone that Coach Tai is still with the team. In fact, I just had a meeting with Coach Tai and our athletics people this morning. And I will soon be meeting with our players. I must acknowledge though that there are issues within the team, as in all teams, and that these will require some time to resolve,” he said in a statement.READ: Bundit status as Ateneo volleyball coach in limboFEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutVillarin had to step in to mend the reported rift between Bundit and the Lady Eagles, with much of the unresolved issues stemming from the players’ alleged displeasure over the mentor’s hard practices.Ateneo team manager said last Wednesday that Bundit was asked as to go on leave by Ateneo Athletics Director Em Fernandez.last_img read more

Judgement day for Oscar Pistorius in girlfriend murder case

first_imgOscar PistoriusAfter 41 days of tears, anguish and at times gruesome testimony in the Pretoria High Court, Oscar Pistorius, the double amputee who became one of the biggest names in athletics, will learn this week whether he will spend the next 25 years behind bars.In a fitting reminder of how South Africa has changed in the 20 years since apartheid, the fate of Pistorius, a wealthy white man from privileged roots, rests in the hands of a 66-year-old black woman from Soweto, Judge Thokozile Masipa.Throughout the on-off six-month trial, Masipa – only the second black woman to rise to the bench in South Africa – has remained calm and impassive, seemingly impervious to the global interest in a case that has drawn comparisons to the 1995 murder trial of American football star OJ Simpson in California.For Pistorius, the options when Masipa starts delivering her judgement on Thursday, winding up probably on Friday, are stark.If she sides with the state, which argues that he murdered his model girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp in a fit of rage on Valentine’s Day last year, he faces a mandatory life term – effectively 25 years behind bars before eligible for parole.A conviction of murder with less explicit intent could still see him incarcerated for up to 20 years.Alternatively, Masipa could reject any notion of intent but still rule culpable homicide, equivalent to Britain’s manslaughter, for the reckless or negligent killing of Steenkamp, who was shot through a toilet door at Pistorius’s luxury Pretoria home.Or she could accept Pistorius’s assertion that he acted in ‘putative’ self-defence, firing four shots from a 9mm pistol through the door in the mistaken but genuine belief that an intruder was lurking behind it.advertisementGiven the explicit curbs in South African law on the use of lethal force without a direct threat to life, legal analysts say the final option is the least likely.”It’s entirely possible that he could be convicted of murder but not premeditated murder,” said James Grant, a criminal law professor at Johannesburg’s University of the Witwatersrand, who thinks that at best the court will rule Pistorius was negligent.”The court is going to ask whether he acted as a reasonable gun-owner, and I think the answer to that is going to be no,” he said.If convicted, sentencing is likely to be delayed to another hearing in a few weeks, during which time Pistorius can apply for bail. He would also be almost certain to appeal.SHADOW OF RACESince it first broke on the morning of Feb. 14 last year, the case has gripped millions around the world who saw Pistorius as the embodiment of triumph over adversity, a man whose lower legs were amputated as a baby but who reached the semi-finals of the 400 metres at the London Olympics in 2012.That same year, Time magazine included him in its list of the world’s 100 most influential people, “the definition of global inspiration”.In sports-mad South Africa, the shooting caused an even bigger impact, the stunning downfall of a sporting hero feted by black and white alike in a society still divided by its racist past.But as the trial unfolded that sentiment changed.The prosecution painted a picture of Pistorius as a gun-obsessed hot-head – he faces three other weapons-related charges – who handled a loaded pistol in a packed restaurant and whooped with joy when he blew apart a water-melon with a high-calibre pistol, likening the red mush to brains.With many glued to the live court broadcast, post-apartheid South Africa was forced to look in the mirror and ask itself some uncomfortable questions, not least about male attitudes to violence and the reality of whites and blacks still inhabiting largely different worlds.Why, commentators asked, of 34 witnesses called were only two – a security guard and police ballistics expert – black?Why, Masipa aside, were nearly all the leading protagonists white in a nation where whites are just 10 percent of the population?Was South Africa really so dangerous that Pistorius and his friends were justified in feeling the need to carry handguns?And, as backdrop to it all, the universal white suburban fear: how to protect yourself from an intruder – assumed to be black – in the middle of the night, a fear hardwired by years of apartheid propaganda about the ‘swart gevaar’ (black danger).Some even wondered aloud whether Pistorius would be on trial at all had his victim really been a black male burglar rather than a white, female model.”This imaginary body of the paranoid imaginings of suburban South Africa has lurked like a bogeyman at the periphery of this story for the past year.advertisement”It is perhaps the most atavistic of white South African fears,” wrote South African novelist Margie Orford at the start of the trial. “The threatening body, nameless and faceless, of an armed and dangerous black intruder.” – Reuterslast_img read more