Limopsis is one of the most speciose and widespread bivalve genera in the Southern Ocean at the present day. However, the fossil record of the genus is poorly known from the southern high latitudes. Here, we review the fossil record in this region to help understand the evolutionary origins of the genus. Limopsis infericola sp. nov. and additional specimens of a previously described species are added to the fossil record of Antarctica. The globally distributed limopsid clade had its earliest occurrences in the Early Cretaceous of Europe and New Zealand, then radiated during the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian, 70.6-65.5 Ma). Fossil evidence shows that the genus underwent a second, Cenozoic, radiation related to the isolation of Antarctica and the onset of cooling in the southern hemisphere. The genus has persisted in Antarctica for the last 50 myr, adapting to extreme changes in the environmental conditions, including surviving the last glacial maximum in marine refugia.
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailTim Clayton/Corbis via Getty Images(NEW YORK) — Serena Williams, a 23-time Grand Slam tennis champion, is claiming discrimination after being singled out for drug testing.Williams, who reached the finals of Wimbledon this month, took to Twitter on Tuesday, saying she’s the tennis player “getting tested the most.”“And it’s that time of the day to get ‘randomly’ drug tested and only test Serena,” she wrote. “Out of all the players it’s been proven I’m the one getting tested the most. Discrimination? I think so. At least I’ll be keeping the sport clean #StayPositive.”Williams, 36, said in another tweet that she will “do whatever it takes” to keep the sport of tennis clean.Williams has been at odds with the sport’s regulatory body over the last few months. She spoke out at Wimbledon about the number of times she was asked to give a drug test sample.Williams responded to questions at Wimbledon about a Deadspin article that claimed she has been tested in 2018 more than twice as often as other top American female players on tour, despite never having tested positive for a banned substance.“I do know that I’m always tested. I’m always getting tested, all the time,” she said at Wimbledon. “I didn’t realize it was such a discrepancy with me, as well as against the other players that they listed. It will be impossible for me not to feel some kind of way about that.”Williams claimed a doping control officer showed up to her Florida home 12 hours before a scheduled appointment in June. When she wasn’t there, it was designated a missed test, according to Williams.“I was like, ‘Well, I’m totally not in the area because my hour is actually a long time from now, so I’m completely so far away,’” she recalled to reporters at Wimbledon.Williams said she is having ongoing conversations with the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) on the matter, including the ratio of tests between her and other players on the tour.“I’ve played over 20 years and have always been extremely honest, and that’s one thing I take pride on,” she said at the BNP Paribas Open in Indian Wells, California, in March. “Especially having a daughter, having a kid, I’m never going to be able to look my kid in the eye and say, ‘Mom cheated’ or ‘Mom did something like that.’”“That is totally irresponsible,” Williams added. “If you’re going to beat me, you’re going to beat me and I’m going to congratulate you. But I’m never, ever going to take an advantage, and try and have an advantage over someone else because that’s not who I am, and that’ll never be who I am.”Williams gave birth to her daughter, Olympia, 10 months ago. She played in her first Grand Slam since giving birth at this year’s French Open.The USADA and the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) have not responded to ABC News’ request for comment.According to the USADA website, “Athletes are subject to testing 365 days a year and do not have ‘off-seasons’ or cutoff periods in which testing does not occur.”The agency said it uses a variety of factors to decide when, where and how often to test athletes. Those factors include history of doping in the sport, the physical demands of the sport, the training and competition calendar, and doping analysis statistics.“The term ‘random’ is not an accurate way to describe anti-doping testing in the United States,” the website states, “as USADA uses various factors to strategically plan when and where we test athletes in order to achieve maximum success in deterrence.” Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. Written by July 25, 2018 /Sports News – National Serena Williams alleges ‘discrimination’ in how often she is tested for drugs Beau Lund
‘Strict Compliance’ With Contempt Statute Not Required If Sufficient Notice Is GivenOlivia Covington for www.theindianalawyer.comA majority of the justices of the Indiana Supreme Court found Tuesday that strict compliance with a state statute regarding contempt orders can be excused if the party in contempt has been sufficiently notified of their contempt, thus affirming a trial court decision requiring an ex-husband to produce income and tax documents for his ex-wife.After Thomas Todd Reynolds and Tricia Reynolds divorced in 2010, the dissolution decree required, among other things, that upon written request from Tricia Reynolds, Thomas Reynolds must make certain tax documents available for inspection.In 2013, the order was modified to require that Thomas Reynolds provide documentation of his income and a child support payment calculation to his ex-wife quarterly. Tricia Reynolds served a written request for tax documents in March 2014, and after not receiving a response by June, she filed a motion to compel Thomas Reynolds to produce the documents. The Hamilton Superior Court initially granted the motion, then dismissed it as moot in August after finding no petitions for modification or contempt before the court.Tricia Reynolds then filed a motion for rule to show cause, alleging contempt against her ex-husband because he had failed to comply with the order requiring production of his income and tax documents. She also filed a second motion to compel in November 2014, and Thomas Reynolds moved to dismiss all actions against him. Both parties agreed to present their arguments in summary fashion, and the trial court ultimately found the father in contempt and ordered him to pay $3,000 in his ex-wife’s attorney fees, as well as to produce the requested documents within 30 days.But the Indiana Court of Appeals reversed that decision, holding that the Hamilton Superior Court had abused its discretion because it did not strictly comply with the rule to show cause statute and because it failed to give Todd Reynolds a way to purge himself of contempt.However, the Indiana Supreme Court chose to affirm the trial court’s decision in a Tuesday opinion, with Justice Steve David writing for the majority that strict compliance with the rule to show cause statute can be excused “if it is clear the alleged contemnor nevertheless had clear notice of the accusations against him or her,” citing In re Paternity of J.T.I, 875 N.E.2d 447, 451 (Ind. Ct. App. 2007).In the Reynolds case, David wrote that although Thomas Reynolds argued that his ex-wife’s motion for rule to show cause did not provide him with the proper notice, Tricia Reynolds’ motion did contain factual allegations that he had failed to comply with provision of their divorce, so his due process rights were preserved. Further, David wrote that the justices were not convinced that statutory language allows only courts, not moving parties, to serve contempt orders.The majority also found that the Hamilton Superior Court did not abuse its discretion in finding Todd Reynolds in contempt because there was evidence that he did not produce certain tax documents as required by the marriage dissolution decree, even though he had multiple opportunities to do so. Further, David wrote that Thomas Reynolds had waived his right to challenge the trial court’s evidentiary findings because he did not object to a summary proceeding.Finally, David wrote that the Court of Appeals’ finding that the trial court was required to outline the ways in which Thomas Reynolds could be purged of his contempt was unnecessary because it was not clear that he had proven why he should be allowed to purge his contempt and because he was not facing jail time.Justice Geoffrey Slaughter wrote in a separate opinion that the plain language of the rule to show cause statute required the trial court to issue a rule to show cause detailing the factual basis for Todd Reynolds’ alleged contempt.“Because the court failed to do so, its contempt order should not stand,” Slaughter wrote.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail THIS IS WHATS ON OUR MIND TODAY! WE HAVE BEEN SITTING BACK LISTENING AND WATCHING THE NEGATIVE AND INSULTING COMMENTS MADE BY DONALD TRUMP AND HILLARY CLINTON TOWARDS EACH OTHER FOR MANY MONTHS AND MUST SAY THAT ENOUGH IS ENOUGH! WE FEEL IT’S TIME FOR THEM TO BEGIN HONEST AND OPEN DIALOGUE CONCERNING THE REAL ISSUES FACING AMERICA.POSTED BELOW IS A COMMENT REPORTED BY THE WASHINGTON POST BY HILLARY CLINTON AT A POLITICAL FUNDRAISER YESTERDAY. IF YOU HAVE A SIMILAR POST MADE BY DONALD TRUMP TOWARD HILLARY CLINTON PLEASE FEEL FREE TO POST THEM. WE PREDICT ONCE THIS PROCESS IS COMPLETE YOU WILL AGREE WITH US THAT ENOUGH IS ENOUGHPOSTED BELOW IS A COMMENT REPORTED BY THE WASHINGTON POST BY HILLARY CLINTON AT A POLITICAL FUNDRAISER YESTERDAY. According to the Washington Post Hillary Clinton: said “Half of Trump supporters fit in ‘what I call the basket of deplorable.’” “To just be grossly generalist, you could put half of Trump’s supporters into what I call the ‘basket of deplorable,’” Hillary Clinton said at this New York fundraiser on Sept. 9. : “They’re racist, sexist, homophobic, xenophobic, Islamaphobic, you name it.” “And unfortunately, there are people like that, and he has lifted them up.” She also added “Now, some of those folks—they are irredeemable, but thankfully they are not America.”Clinton made these remarks the to applause and laughter from supporters at an “LGBT for Hillary” fundraiser Friday night in New York that also featured a performance by Barbra Streisand.EDITOR FOOTNOTE: In Tomorrows “READERS FORUM” we are going to ask what issues should the candidates for president be debating!“IS IT TRUE” will be posted on this coming Wednesday.Todays READERS POLL question is: WHO WOULD YOU VOTE FOR IF THE ELECTION WAS HELD TODAY FOR DISTRICT #1 VANDERBURGH COUNTY COMMISSIONER?Please take time and read our newest feature articles entitled “BIRTHDAYS, HOT JOBS” and “LOCAL SPORTS” posted in our sections.If you would like to advertise in the CCO please contact us City-County [email protected] County Observer has been serving our community for 15 years.Copyright 2015 City County Observer. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistribute.
BOHNET: Nudges change environments and organizational practices. Here’s an example: We’ve looked at how companies typically hire and in particular how they promote. Promotion decisions are often made one at a time — a certain person does a great job and we try to decide whether he or she should be promoted.In contrast, many hiring decisions are made comparatively, so we look at various candidates at the same time and compare their qualifications for a certain job.We would argue, based on a lot of research in social and cognitive psychology as well as behavioral economics, that how we evaluate affects how we decide.So we asked ourselves, how can we change the environment ever so slightly so that the company or organization maximizes its performance by hiring the most qualified candidate rather than basing its hiring decisions on stereotypical gender norms in which men are generally hired for certain tasks while women are generally hired for others?It turns out that comparative evaluation leads to very different outcomes than separate evaluation. In fact, in our study, they completely erased stereotypes. When people examined one candidate at a time, they did tend to focus on stereotypes, but when they had comparison information available, performance information tended to prevail. That’s a very easy way for companies to think about hiring and promotion decisions. I’m well aware that promotion decisions often can’t wait until there is a slate of candidates available for comparisons, but there are other comparisons available. For example, the pool of people promoted in the prior year or over the last five years. So we’re encouraging companies to think creatively about the decisions they make and to build on insights from behavioral decision research to restructure their environments. HKS: Why do you believe the “nudge” approach is more effective in the workplace than trying to change beliefs that lead to stereotypes, or diversity training? BOHNET: The work builds on the idea that it’s not always easy to do the right thing. And when I say the “right thing” I mean choosing an apple over a chocolate bar, or putting your money into a savings account rather than buying new shoes. I’m thinking of gender equality very much like I think about apples or putting your money into a savings account: Namely, many organizations now want to change, want to close gender gaps, partly because it is the right thing to do … but also because it increasingly is the smart thing to do.We now know that the talent pool is increasingly female, and therefore many companies look harder at their hiring and promotion practices, asking the question of where all these women graduates — who, in many countries, are more than their male counterparts — where do they go? And how do they climb up the ladder in our company, in our organization? And so that’s where gender equality “nudges” come into play. We would argue that many of the decisions that are made are not made by people who want to actively discriminate. Rather, they’re made because of how our minds work. There are implicit biases, which guide our judgments, not just related to gender but related to all kinds of decisions that we make every day. It’s these implicit biases that we want to overcome with gender equality nudges.Nudges change the environment ever so slightly — they change organizational practices, they change how we hire, how we promote people, creating a more equal playing field for men and women. Behavioral economist Iris Bohnet studies gender gaps in economic opportunity, trust and betrayal aversion, and how these and related issues affect the workings of governments, economies, organizations, and individual interactions. Bohnet is a professor of public policy, the director of the Women and Public Policy Program, and the new academic dean of Harvard Kennedy School. Read the full interview here. HKS: Some of your most recent research has looked at gender imbalance in the workplace using the concept of the “nudge” to help correct that imbalance. Please explain the impetus for this work. HKS: You have been very involved with the Harvard Kennedy School’s Decision Science Laboratory and some of the research being conducted there. How does the lab and the work being done there help contribute to our understanding of gender imbalance issues? BOHNET: Much of my research starts in the Decision Science Laboratory. What the laboratory allows us to do is to test institutional interventions. So think of the example of changing hiring and promotion practices. We can go to the lab and test in a sterile environment whether the sheer basics of the ideas work. So when you give people comparison information, do they judge others in a less stereotypical way? Another question we are studying in terms of gender equality is whether when you hire in bundles — rather than one person at a time — does diversity emerge? Do people look at different criteria when they make five offers rather than one offer at five sequential times? The lab helps me test the interventions that I think we would like to bring to organizations broadly, and gives us a first insight into what mechanisms are likely to work; it tells us how the psychology of our minds responds to different interventions.
Earlier, Health Minister David Clark said New Zealand was introducing strict travel bans on arrivals from Iran similar to those already imposed on arrivals from China.He said the action was taken after a spike in infections in Iran, where the virus has killed 26 people, the highest death toll outside China — and because of the unreliable information coming out of the Islamic republic.”Obviously this situation in Iran is concerning, there is ongoing spread of the disease there and a large degree of uncertainty about the scale of the outbreak and the ability to contain it,” he told reporters.”The information that’s coming out of Iran appears to be out of step with what’s coming out of other countries in terms of the death rate per incidence.”Topics : Officials said the person, reportedly a female New Zealand citizen, arrived in Auckland on Wednesday and family members went to the hospital after becoming concerned about the individual’s condition.The officials urged any passengers on Wednesday’s final leg of the Emirates airline journey, which goes from Bali to Auckland, to contact authorities if they were concerned.However, authorities downplayed the risk to the public saying the situation was being well managed.”Although we have our first case of COVID-19, the chances of community outbreak remain low,” the statement said. New Zealand confirmed its first coronavirus case Friday, saying a recent arrival from Iran who travelled to Auckland via Bali had tested positive.Health officials said the person, aged in their 60s, was being treated in Auckland City Hospital.”They are in an improving condition in isolation, in a negative pressure room to prevent any spread of the disease,” the health department said in a statement.
Paul Merson doubts Liverpool can go all the way through the season unbeaten (Picture: Getty)Paul Merson believes there’s no chance Liverpool will follow in the footsteps of Arsenal’s ‘Invincibles’ by remaining unbeaten throughout the Premier League season but hailed their ‘ridiculous’ 17-match winning streak.Jurgen Klopp’s Reds are storming ahead at the top of the table having won their opening eight matches, opening up an eight-point gap on nearest title rivals Manchester City.Liverpool required a stoppage time penalty from James Milner – controversially won by Sadio Mane – to down Leicester 2-1 at the weekend and Merson believes there were signs that they will struggle to maintain this unbeaten run, despite having City’s record of 18 straight wins in their sights. Paul Merson rates Liverpool’s chances of matching Arsenal’s Invincibles this season Metro Sport ReporterTuesday 8 Oct 2019 11:14 amShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link244Shares Advertisement Pep Guardiola’s side are already playing catch up (Picture: AMA/Getty Images)‘I’ve said before that this side is not getting beat by any side in the bottom half and Manchester City have been beaten by two teams in the bottom half already,’ he added.‘They’ve got the points on the board and can afford a slip here or there. Manchester City could beat Liverpool twice now and it wouldn’t make a difference. It’s all in their hands now.‘I don’t want to say it’s Liverpool’s title to throw away because there’s a long way to go.More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing Arsenal‘No-one has ever won the league in eight football matches, but if they keep on doing what they are doing, it’s going to be hard for anybody else to catch them.‘The players had the title snatched from them last year. It was taken away from them after Man City won 14 straight football matches and Vincent Kompany stuck one in the top corner from 30 yards.‘Liverpool know things can happen. This Manchester City team can get on a roll and reel off 10 on the trot so there’s a long, long way to go.’Will Liverpool go the Premier League season unbeaten?Yes0%No0%Share your resultsShare your resultsTweet your resultsMORE: Liverpool are ‘too far ahead for everybody else’ in the Premier League, says Arsene WengerMORE: How much it will cost Manchester United to sack Ole Gunnar Solskjaer Will Jurgen Klopp’s men falter? (Picture: AMA/Getty Images)‘Liverpool won’t go unbeaten, not a chance,’ former Arsenal midfielder Merson told Sky Sports.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENT‘What Arsenal did all those years ago, that’s some going. What Liverpool are doing, winning all these games on the trot, though, is ridiculous.‘They weren’t great the other day. When Leicester got to 1-1, they looked like the team that might nick it, even though Liverpool didn’t deserve to lose.‘For 70-odd minutes they were the better team, but they just kept on going and you have to get some breaks every now and again.More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man City‘No-one is going to look back on October 5 and remember the penalty, but that spot-kick could’ve been a massive, massive goal.‘When you win league titles, everybody forgets about what happens in October and November.‘Everybody just thinks about what happened in April or May, but the penalty could be massive in the context of the title race.’Merson wouldn’t go as far as to say the title race is already over, but he certainly thinks it’s Liverpool’s to lose. Comment Advertisement
This was the first time since the system’s inception in 2004 that this group recorded losses.According to BoL, the yields on the government bonds that make up the bulk of their portfolios were either very low or negative.Dalia Juškevičienė, principal specialist in the long-term saving and investment product supervision division at BoL, noted that the recent strong growth of stock markets was one of the reasons for the 25% increase in equity fund membership last year.However, she cautioned that “the equity market is cyclical and the risk of recession should be duly taken into account, especially for those who are close to the retirement age”.As of the end of 2017, second-pillar assets had grown by 17% year on year to €2.9bn, while membership rose by 2.7% year-on-year to 1.29m. Just over half of the membership (51%) was invested in medium-risk funds, 23% in low-equity plans, 19.4% in high-equity and the remainder in conservative vehicles.Last May the BoL, as part of its proposals for an overhaul of the pensions system, called for mandatory life-cycle pre-retirement investment, warning that 70% of fund members were assuming either too little or too much risk for their age, and were not inclined to adjust their risk profile.The current Peasants and Greens’ Union-led coalition government, which took power in late 2016, also has pensions reform on its agenda, with policy changes set to be announced this year and implementation by the end of 2019.In the case of the much smaller third pillar, overall returns averaged 5.19%. Averages were: 8.68%in the case of the five high-equity funds, 3.72% for the four medium-risk funds and 2.15% for the three conservative funds.Membership grew by 12% to 57,780 and assets by 21.4% to €96.6m. Lithuania’s voluntary second-pillar pension funds returned a nominal average 4.51% for 2017, marginally above the 4.37% average in 2016, according to sector regulator Bank of Lithuania (BoL).As in 2016, funds with the highest equity weightings generated the best returns.The four funds with an equity allocation of up to 100% generated an average 9.17%, followed by the six medium-risk funds, with a 50-70% equity share, at 4.94%. The four plans with a maximum of 30% in equity gained an average 2.19%.Meanwhile, four of the six conservative funds generated negative returns, resulting in an average loss of 0.61%.
Ronald Koeman is ready to coach one of the biggest clubs in Europe, but his only focus right now is continuing Southampton’s scarcely-believable season. “That is football,” he added, when talking about the recent pressure on current head coach Luis Enrique. “Today can be black and tomorrow can be white. “You must prepare for everything and try to work well and win matches. Barcelona have a great team with great footballers, above all Messi. He is in his best form and nobody can stop this team.” Manchester City do, though, on Wednesday face the unenviable task of attempting to thwart Barcelona in the Champions League last-16. Failure to overcome them would be no great embarrassment, although it would lead to pressure mounting on manager Manuel Pellegrini. Koeman played with City’s director of football Txiki Begiristain at Barcelona, leading to it being suggested that the Saints boss could soon be getting a call. “Txiki has my number!” he said. “This is a joke. “I have contact with Txiki because we have seen each other during the games we have played against them. “We have to play them at the end of the season. We are friends and we have frequent contact and we are both happy to be working in England.” Press Association The Dutch great’s arrival during a summer of discontent at St Mary’s surprised many – so too has his remarkable impact since taking the reins. The term meltdown was bandied about ahead of a season many predicated to end in a relegation fight, yet Sunday’s 1-1 draw with Chelsea leaves Saints sixth in the standings with nine matches remaining. Such success has seen Koeman linked with a move away to one of Europe’s elite clubs – a job he believes he would be up to. “I see myself as ready,” he told Spanish radio show El Partido de las 12. “I have been a coach for a while now and I have been at a few clubs. “I have experience and this is an important detail if you are going to be a good coach, but at the moment I am only thinking about Southampton because I have two more years on my contract after this season.” England is the fourth country in which Koeman has managed after spells in his homeland, Portugal and Spain. It is a return to the latter he is most often linked, with Barcelona regularly mentioned as a potential destination. Koeman is listed amongst the club ‘legends’ after a wonderful period at Barca, where – not for the first time – he admits he can see himself managing one day. “I think so, yes, because everyone knows what I have had with Barcelona and what Barcelona has with Ronald Koeman,” he said. “Therefore, if one day in the future I can be manager there, I would love it.
Willie Mullins expects Gitane Du Berlais to prove difficult to beat in the Ryanair Gold Cup Novice Chase at Fairyhouse. Writing on his website, Mullins said: “Valseur Lido is a course and distance winner and was third to Vautour at Cheltenham. He has been working well but might find this trip a little on the short side. “Gitane Du Berlais is improving all the time and the form of the hurdle race she won at Auteuil last month has been working out well. With her weight allowance she should go very close.” Ruby Walsh had the choice of the pair but feels the allowances Gitane Du Berlais gets made her impossible to ignore. “With Bryan Cooper suspended I could have ridden Valseur Lido but opted for Gitane Du Berlais,” he said in his Irish Examiner column. “She beat Irish Saint in Sandown with no five-year-old allowance. She gets that allowance here and, with the mares’ allowance as well, is getting 15lb off Valseur Lido. Irish Saint was just behind Valseur Lido in the JLT. “She was very good in France when Jacques Ricou rode her. She only had 9st 10lb on her back but bolted in in a decent hurdle race. It’s a toss of a coin but I think with the weight she’s getting, she could be hard to beat. “It’s a very good race with Gilgamboa, Apache Stronghold and Valseur Lido. Without Don Poli, Vautour and Un De Sceaux, these are the best novices around in Ireland or England. “I rode Valseur Lido in work on Thursday. He worked well but the massive weight allowance and likely testing ground is what swung me towards Gitane.” Press Association The mare is joined in the race by stablemate Valseur Lido, already a Grade One winner this season but well beaten into third by Mullins’ Vautour in the JLT at Cheltenham last month. Gitane Du Berlais has already beaten the boys once this season at Sandown and last time out picked up a big pot in France.